Zooming in on Diabetes Journal Club April 15, 2021

Zooming in on Diabetes Journal Club April 15, 2021

April 15, 2021 @ 9:00 am – 10:00 am
BC Diabetes Research Network

Zooming in on Diabetes Thursday, April 15 at 09:00 am (PST)

Presenter: Dr. Emily Wilts, Post-Doctoral Fellow, Kieffer Lab, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia (Vancouver)

Title: Polymeric Approaches to Reduce Tissue Responses Against Devices Applied for Islet-Cell Encapsulation

Abstract:  Immunoisolation of pancreatic islets is a technology in which islets are encapsulated in semipermeable but immunoprotective polymeric membranes. The technology allows for successful transplantation of insulin-producing cells in the absence of immunosuppression. Different approaches of immunoisolation are currently under development. These approaches involve intravascular devices that are connected to the bloodstream and extravascular devices that can be distinguished in micro- and macrocapsules and are usually implanted in the peritoneal cavity or under the skin. The technology has been subject of intense fundamental research in the past decade. It has co-evolved with novel replenishable cell sources for cure of diseases such as Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus that need to be protected for the host immune system. Although the devices have shown significant success in animal models and even in human safety studies most technologies still suffer from undesired tissue responses in the host. Here we review the past and current approaches to modulate and reduce tissue responses against extravascular cell-containing micro- and macrocapsules with a focus on rational choices for polymer (combinations). Choices for polymers but also choices for crosslinking agents that induce more stable and biocompatible capsules are discussed. Combining beneficial properties of molecules in diblock polymers or application of these molecules or other anti-biofouling molecules have been reviewed. Emerging are also the principles of polymer brushes that prevent protein and cell-adhesion. Recently also immunomodulating biomaterials that bind to specific immune receptors have entered the field. Several natural and synthetic polymers and even combinations of these polymers have demonstrated significant improvement in outcomes of encapsulated grafts. Adequate polymeric surface properties have been shown to be essential but how the surface should be composed to avoid host responses remains to be identified. Current insight is that optimal biocompatible devices can be created which raises optimism that immunoisolating devices can be created that allows for long term survival of encapsulated replenishable insulin-producing cell sources for treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

URL link to publication source: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fbioe.2019.00134/full


“Zooming in on Diabetes” is a virtual journal club and was launched in March 2020.

It is a joint initiative across the University of British Columbia campuses including the Life Sciences Centre and the BC Children’s Hospital.

This Journal Club is designed for trainees to develop skills in critical evaluation of recent articles in the scientific literature related to diabetes research.

The intended audience are academic research trainees and faculty involved in diabetes research in British Columbia, Canada.

The journal club is held on Tuesdays and Thursdays via ZOOM.

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