Zooming in on Diabetes Journal Club May 5

Zooming in on Diabetes Journal Club May 5

When:
May 5, 2020 @ 12:00 pm – 1:00 pm
2020-05-05T12:00:00-07:00
2020-05-05T13:00:00-07:00
Cost:
Free
Contact:
BC Diabetes Research Network

Journal Article: Secretory Functions of Macrophages in the Human Pancreatic Islet Are Regulated by Endogenous Purinergic Signaling 

Presenter: Raelyn Gallant

Verchere Lab, BC Children’s Hospital Research Institute

 

Abstract

Endocrine cells of the pancreatic islet interact with their microenvironment to maintain tissue homeostasis. Communication with local macrophages is particularly important in this context, but the homeostatic functions of human islet macrophages are not known. Here we show that the human islet contains macrophages in perivascular regions that are the main local source of the anti-inflammatory cytokine Il-10 and the metalloproteinase MMP9. Macrophage production and secretion of these homeostatic factors is controlled by endogenous purinergic signals. In obese and diabetic states, macrophage expression of purinergic receptors, MMP9, and Il-10 is reduced. We propose that in those states exacerbated beta cell activity due to increased insulin demand and increased cell death produces high levels of ATP that downregulate purinergic receptor expression. Loss of ATP sensing in macrophages may reduce their secretory capacity.

 

“Zooming in on Diabetes” is a virtual journal club and was launched in March 2020.

It is a joint initiative across the University of British Columbia campuses including the Life Sciences Centre and the BC Children’s Hospital.

This Journal Club is designed for trainees to develop skills in critical evaluation of recent articles in the scientific literature related to diabetes research.

The intended audience are academic research trainees and faculty involved in diabetes research.

The journal club is held on Tuesdays and Thursdays via ZOOM.

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